Installing Skype for Business and Lync servers is usually boring if you’re a consultant who does it often. Making sure the server specs are right, installing OS features, configuring NICs, etc. It’s even more boring if you’re building a bunch of servers at one time. There’s always a chance for human error, too. So why not automate as much as possible? That’s what I was after when I built the Lync Server 2010 prereq script, then the Lync Server 2013 prereq script. And it’s certainly what I’m after for Skype for Business Server 2015. This time, however, I opted to not have a separate script for Skype for Business. Many of the requirements are the same, or just slightly different, than Lync Server 2013. So I just added the SfB functionality to the 2013 script, and updated everything as a whole.
When calling the script, one only needs to specify the –Skype4b switch to put the script into “Skype for Business mode”. Not specifying that switch cause a pop-up to appear, asking what mode you’d like. The menus don’t change based on what mode the script is in. Options for only one platform are clearly noted. Otherwise, the options automatically adjust for the platform you’ve chosen. The menu starts out with core prerequisite options for common Lync/SfB roles, followed by Microsoft tools and resources, some third-party tools and options, and then some sub-menus. Sub-menus are broken down by Misc server config, Desktop shortcuts, Taskbar shortcuts, Downloads, and Security options. As you can see, there are TONS of options. I’m not going to list every menu and option here, as the nature of the script means I’ll be adding/updating things as people request them, or as vendors update/alter their offerings. Just note that the options from the 2013 script have been moved around a little bit as I try to keep things organized.
This version also uses my new method of checking for updates, as mentioned in Function: Get-UpdateInfo – Making It Easy for Your Users to Get the Latest Version of Your Scripts. When a new version is available, you’ll get a pop-up notifying you.
If you’re aware of a third-party product, or even Microsoft product, that is a good match for Skype for Business servers, let me know. I’m happy to take a look and see if it would make a good addition to the script.
Super big thanks to my beta testers for supplying bug reports, suggestions, and comments.
C:\Set-CsFeatures.ps1 [-TargetFolder <String>] [-WindowsSource <String>] [-SQLPath <String>] [-InitialMenuOption <Int32>] [-IncludeSSMS] [-IncludeTelnet] [-IncludeFW] [-IncludeHighPower] [-IncludeStandard] [-GetInfoFromRegistry] [-OWASOveride] [-DownloadOnly] [-SkipCoreCheck] [-Tail] [-Skype4b] [-SkipUpdateCheck] [-WhatIf] [-Confirm] [-IncludeTotalCount] [-Skip <UInt64>] [-First <UInt64>] [<CommonParameters>]
C:\Set-CsFeatures.ps1 [-TargetFolder <String>] [-GetInfoFromRegistry] [-OWASOveride] [-DownloadAll] [-SkipCoreCheck] [-Tail] [-Skype4b] [-WhatIf] [-Confirm] [-IncludeTotalCount] [-Skip <UInt64>] [-First <UInt64>] [<CommonParameters>]
C:\Set-CsFeatures.ps1 [-GetInfoFromRegistry] [-ClearRunningStatus] [-WhatIf] [-Confirm] [-IncludeTotalCount] [-Skip <UInt64>] [-First <UInt64>] [<CommonParameters>]
C:\Set-CsFeatures.ps1 [-GetInfoFromRegistry] [-Skype4b] [-WhatIf] [-Confirm] [-IncludeTotalCount] [-Skip <UInt64>] [-First <UInt64>] [<CommonParameters>]
Runs script in Skype for Business mode. Options chosen while running in this mode are tailored to Skype for Business. Not specifying this option will cause a pop-up prompt when the script starts, allowing a user to choose the desired mode.
Runs script with default values.
.\Set-CsFeatures.ps1 -WindowsSource "d:"
Runs script with the location defined for the Windows Server 2012/2012 R2 installation files.
.\Set-CsFeatures.ps1 -SQLPath "d:\sqlexpress"
Runs the script and installs any required SQL Express instances in the specified location.
.\Set-CsFeatures.ps1 -TargetFolder "d:\installbits"
Runs the script, and saves any downloaded files and written logs in the specified location instead of the default “c:\_install”.
.\Set-CsFeatures.ps1 -InitialMenuOption 3
Runs the script, and automatically starts option 3 (Front End server). Once it’s finished with that option, the script functions as normal, and displays the menu. NOTE: only options from the main menu can be specified. Options in sub-menus are not available with -InitialMenuOption.
Runs script with default values, but also shows an additional PowerShell window showing a live running log file.
Defines the location for any downloaded files. Defaults to “c:\_install”. Additionally, log files generated by this script are located in a sub-folder of TargetFolder called “logs”. TargetFolder does not support paths with spaces, but does support non-hidden UNC paths.
Defines the location of the Windows Server installation files. This is needed to install .Net 3.5 since those files are not installed on the server by default. Defaults to first detected CD-ROM/DVD drive. This can be a local file path, path to an .ISO file, or a non-hidden UNC path.
Defines the desired installation path for SQL Express. Defaults to “c:\Program Files\Microsoft SQL Server”.
Allows you to start the script with the option you want, without first displaying the menu.
If specified, will include SQL Server Management Studio automatically when prereqs are installed for any server that has SQL Express instances. If not specified, a prompt will appear.
If specified, will include Telnet automatically when prereqs for Front End servers, Director servers, Mediation servers, Edge servers, and/or Persistent Chat servers are installed. If not specified, a prompt will appear.
If specified, will include the firewall rules for Get-CsConnections automatically when prereqs for Front End servers are installed. If not specified, a prompt will appear.
If specified, tells the script to automatically set the Power Config on the server to High Power. This is instead of the script prompting. This option is available for all server roles.
If specified, tells the script to include the extra SQL Express instance required for Standard Edition front end servers. This is instead of the script prompting.
This value is only used during mid-prereq reboots. It is automatically set and read by the script, and should never be manually specified.
Don’t use this parameter. It’s for internal testing only. Using it can render the server unusable.
Tells this script to not install or configure anything – just download the files. This is useful if you’re going to be building servers that do not have Internet access and want to fetch the files beforehand. The big difference between this option and -DownloadAll, is that this option presents the normal menus, and allows you to download files for the options you pick. The -DownloadAll option downloads ALL files needed for ALL options.
Tells this script to not install or configure anything – just download ALL of the files. This is useful if you’re going to be building servers that do not have Internet access and want to fetch the files beforehand from a desktop computer. The big difference between this option and -DownloadOnly, is that this option downloads ALL files needed for ALL options, whereas -DownloadOnly allows a user to download files for specific options they choose.
This switch forces the running status to be reset. This option should ONLY be used if the script exits/aborts dirty, and attempts to run the script again yield a “Script is already running” message.
When specified, skips the check for Server Core. It is not meant to be called manually, as it’s used when the script needs to restart after a server reboot.
When specified, opens another PowerShell session and tails the log file, similar to *nix. This is really only beneficial during troubleshooting.
When specified, uses values specific to Skype For Business Server 2015 for prerequisites. If this option is NOT specified a pop-up will appear, asking which mode the script should operate in: Lync Server 2013 or Skype for Business Server 2015.
When specified, skips the check for a newer version of the script. This option is included mainly for when the script reboots the server.
No installation is necessary.
Execution Policy: Third-party PowerShell scripts may require that the PowerShell Execution Policy be set to either AllSigned, RemoteSigned, or Unrestricted. The default is Restricted, which prevents scripts – even code signed scripts – from running. For more information about setting your Execution Policy, see Using the Set-ExecutionPolicy Cmdlet.
I’ve never been one to really solicit donations for my work. My offerings are created because *I* need to solve a problem, and once I do, it makes sense to offer the results of my work to the public. I mean, let’s face it: I can’t be the only one with that particular issue, right? Quite often, to my surprise, I’m asked why I don’t have a “donate” button so people can donate a few bucks. I’ve never really put much thought into it. But those inquiries are coming more often now, so I’m yielding to them. If you’d like to donate, you can send a few bucks via PayPal at https://www.paypal.me/PatRichard. Money collected from that will go to the costs of my website (hosting and domain names), as well as to my home lab.
Frequently Asked Questions
Question: Why doesn’t this script support Windows Server 2008 R2?
Answer: I get asked this all the time. There are several reasons. The first is that out of the box, Server 2008 R2 has PowerShell 2.0 installed, and this script is written in PowerShell 3.0. Requiring you to upgrade to PowerShell 3.0 first, before running a script that installs prerequisites, seems counter-intuitive. And converting the script to just use PowerShell 2.0 is taking a step backwards, especially considering that the current version of PowerShell is 5.0, and even as this is written, 5.1 is in preview.
Next is sheer time. I test changes I make. And then I test them again. And then I choose different options and combinations and test them. Testing on just Server 2012 and Server 2012 R2 is exhausting. Adding Server 2008 R2 would mean even more testing, plus I’d have to add those resources in my already overtaxed test labs. That would slow down my ability to add new features and test fixes.
Third is that Server 2008 R2 is three versions back. Get with the times already!
Question: Does the script support Windows Server 2016?
Answer: No, and the primary reason is that Lync Server 2013 and Skype for Business Server 2015 are not supported on Windows Server 2016. Once they are supported on Windows Server 2016 (and it will likely only be Skype for Business Server 2015 that’s supported), I’ll adjust the script as needed. I’ve already done some preliminary work.
Question: Can you add feature x?
Answer: I LOVE getting feature requests. Seriously! Best method to suggest features is to send me an email. My email address is in the comment section at the top of every script I publish. Please be detailed in what you’d like to see, as well as any scenarios you’d use the option (so I can try to duplicate testing). This also goes for additional tools, whether Microsoft or third-party.
Question: How do I submit bug reports?
Answer: Email is best. Grab my email address from the comment section at the top of the script. Please be VERY detailed. Please include screen shots if possible, and ALWAYS include the log file. If the script will start, select option 96, “Report a bug/problem with this script”. If you’re not using the latest version of the script, please download it from the Downloads section below and see if you can duplicate the problem before reporting it.
Question: What if my server doesn’t have Internet access?
Answer: Fear not. Download the required files using either the -DownloadOnly or -DownloadAll options from another machine and place them in the TargetFolder, which is c:\_install by default. The script looks to see if the file is available locally before attempting to download. An exception to this is the latest cumulative update, which is always downloaded, since the URL and file name don’t change, even when the version does.
Question: When I run the script again, I get “Script already running”
Answer: This is because the script didn’t exit gracefully. Many reasons this can happen, such as rebooting the server while it’s still running. If you’re positive it’s not running anywhere else (including by other users logged into the same server), run the script with the -ClearRunningStatus switch to clear that flag. Then run it as normal.
Question: Is there an option to specify where (i.e. path) all of the various tools are installed?
Answer: No. And not for a lack of trying. Some tools don’t support automated installs with a specified path. And some of those that DO, actually still dump some core files in a “default” location. The more I tried to come up with the solution, the more I realized that it would entail a substantial amount of overhead in the script.
Question: Why does the script report an unsupported version of .NET Framework?
Answer: Because Lync Server 2013 and Skype for Business Server 2015 don’t support the version detected. Once they do, I’ll adjust the script accordingly.
v4.05 – 11-04-2016 – Set-CsFeatures.v4.05.zip
v4.04 – 11-02-2016 – Set-CsFeatures.v4.04.zip
v4.03 – 11-01-2016 – Set-CsFeatures.v4.03.zip
v4.02 – 10-28-2016 – Set-CsFeatures.v4.02.zip
v4.01 – 10-25-2016 – Set-CsFeatures.v4.01.zip
v4.0 – 10-24-2016 – Set-CsFeatures.v4.0.zip
See the changelog for information on what’s changed/included in each version.